China's Transit Elevated Bus has been called a "scam" by police
China's incredible concept for a floating bus that traveled over the top of cars was once heralded as the future of transport that would ease traffic congestion issues, but now it's being described as a "scam" by police forces in Beijing.
Fundraising platform Huaying Kailai is the subject of the investigation after a Chinese report posted on Weibo alleged that it had raised $1.3bn in private investments, promising a return of 12%.
72 investors have now filed lawsuits against the firm, whilst police are currently holding more than 30 people in custody - including Bai Zhiming, who runs both Huaying Kailai and the Transit Elevated Bus project.
As well as this, the company that designed the bus, Autek, is apparently still owed money for their work on the project.
When the prototype for the Transit Elevated Bus was unveiled in August 2016, expectations were high despite its lack of speed and logistical issues regarding just how cars were supposed to travel underneath it - any vehicle taller than 7ft would have to find a different route, whilst going round corners caused every car to have to stop and wait for the bus to complete the manoeuvre.
Local government in Qinhuangdao has already started deconstructing the specially designed tracks that the TEB drives on, and will put the bus in a garage after the futuristic vehicle was stationary ever since that initial demonstration.
However, Zhiming has reportedly told Chinese media that he will be relocating the TEB is another city to try the project again.
ICO warns of privacy concerns on the use of LFR technology
“I am deeply concerned about the potential for live facial recognition (LFR) technology to be used inappropriately, excessively, or even recklessly. When sensitive personal data is collected on a mass scale without people’s knowledge, choice or control, the impacts could be significant,” said Elizabeth Denham, the UK’s Information Commissioner.
Denham explained that with any new technology, building public trust and confidence in the way people’s information is used is crucial so the benefits derived from the technology can be fully realised.
“It is not my role to endorse or ban a technology but, while this technology is developing and not widely deployed, we have an opportunity to ensure it does not expand without due regard for data protection,” Denham added.
The Information Commissioner’s Office has said it will work with organisations to ensure that the use of LFR is lawful, and that a fair balance is struck between their own purposes and the interests and rights of the public. They will also engage with Government, regulators and industry, as well as international colleagues to make sure data protection and innovation can continue to work hand in hand.
What is live facial recognition?
Facial recognition is the process by which a person can be identified or recognised from a digital facial image. Cameras are used to capture these images and FRT software measures and analyses facial features to produce a biometric template. This typically enables the user to identify, authenticate or verify, or categorise individuals.
Live facial recognition (LFR) is a type of FRT that allows this process to take place automatically and in real-time. LFR is typically deployed in a similar way to traditional CCTV in that it is directed towards everyone in a particular area rather than specific individuals. It can capture the biometric data of all individuals passing within range of the camera indiscriminately, as opposed to more targeted “one-to-one” data processing. This can involve the collection of biometric data on a mass scale and there is often a lack of awareness, choice or control for the individual in this process.
Why is biometric data particularly sensitive?
Biometrics are physical or behavioural human characteristics that can be used to digitally identify a person to grant access to systems, devices, or data. Biometric data extracted from a facial image can be used to uniquely identify an individual in a range of different contexts. It can also be used to estimate or infer other characteristics, such as their age, sex, gender, or ethnicity.
The security of the biometric authentication data is vitally important, even more than the security of passwords, since passwords can be easily changed if they are exposed. A fingerprint or retinal scan, however, is immutable.
The UK courts have concluded that “like fingerprints and DNA [a facial biometric template] is information of an “intrinsically private” character.” LFR can collect this data without any direct engagement with the individual. Given that LFR relies on the use of sensitive personal data, the public must have confidence that its use is lawful, fair, transparent, and meets the other standards set out in data protection legislation.