May 17, 2020

Emerson launches solutions centre for digital transformation in Singapore

Emerson
Automation
AI
IoT
Jonathan Dyble
2 min
Automation
Emerson, a global leader in the manufacture of automated products, has opened a new solutions centre in Singapore, in the aim of accelerating digital tr...

Emerson, a global leader in the manufacture of automated products, has opened a new solutions centre in Singapore, in the aim of accelerating digital transformation among its customers in the Asia Pacific region.

The initiative is part of Emerson’s plan to make Singapore a hub for industrial IoT technologies, with the solutions centre having been opened at the hub of the headquarters of its Automation Solutions business.

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“This is a first-of-its-kind facility that shows customers how automation and IoT technologies can drive measurable improvements to the bottom line of their manufacturing processes,” said Ron Martin, Asia Pacific President of Emerson Automation Solutions.

“Here in Singapore, we have the brightest minds in the industry collaborating with and helping our customers plan and execute their vision of future operations and working with them to reengineer their facilities to deliver Top Quartile operating performance.”

The solutions hub is equipped with some of the latest technologies including augmented and virtual reality within its collaboration spaces – something that enables customers to get an immersive experience in using Plantweb technologies.

The centre also contains a digital plant that features a scaled down version of a process manufacturing facility, where some of Emerson’s key digital solutions, Iot technologies, Process control and safety systems are displayed.

“Emerson’s new Solutions Centre builds on Singapore’s deep engineering and innovation capabilities in high-value manufacturing, to accelerate manufacturers’ digital transformation journeys within Singapore and across the region,” said Chng Kai Fond, Managing Director of Singapore’s Economic Development Board.

The solutions centre is the latest addition to Emerson’s Singapore campus, having already established a pervasive sensing centre of excellence, an analytical manufacturing & integration Centre, and a global additive manufacturing centre there.

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Jun 11, 2021

Google AI Designs Next-Gen Chips In Under 6 Hours

Google
AI
Manufacturing
semiconductor
3 min
Google AI’s deep reinforcement learning algorithms can optimise chip floor plans exponentially faster than their human counterparts

In a Google-Nature paper published on Wednesday, the company announced that AI will be able to design chips in less than six hours. Humans currently take months to design and layout the intricate chip wiring. Although the tech giant has been working in silence on the technology for years, this is the first time that AI-optimised chips have hit the mainstream—and that the company will sell the result as a commercial product. 

 

“Our method has been used in production to design the next generation of Google TPU (tensor processing unit chips)”, the paper’s authors, Azalea Mirhoseini and Anna Goldie wrote. The TPU v4 chips are the fastest Google system ever launched. “If you’re trying to train a large AI/ML system, and you’re using Google’s TensorFlow, this will be a big deal”, said Jack Gold, President and Principal Analyst at J.Gold Associates

 

Training the Algorithm 

In a process called reinforcement learning, Google engineers used a set of 10,000 chip floor plans to train the AI. Each example chip was assigned a score of sorts based on its efficiency and power usage, which the algorithm then used to distinguish between “good” and “bad” layouts. The more layouts it examines, the better it can generate versions of its own. 

 

Designing floor plans, or the optimal layouts for a chip’s sub-systems, takes intense human effort. Yet floorplanning is similar to an elaborate game. It has rules, patterns, and logic. In fact, just like chess or Go, it’s the ideal task for machine learning. Machines, after all, don’t follow the same constraints or in-built conditions that humans do; they follow logic, not preconception of what a chip should look like. And this has allowed AI to optimise the latest chips in a way we never could. 

 

As a result, AI-generated layouts look quite different to what a human would design. Instead of being neat and ordered, they look slightly more haphazard. Blurred photos of the carefully guarded chip designs show a slightly more chaotic wiring layout—but no one is questioning its efficiency. In fact, Google is starting to evaluate how it could use AI in architecture exploration and other cognitively intense tasks. 

 

Major Implications for the Semiconductor Sector 

Part of what’s impressive about Google’s breakthrough is that it could throw Moore’s Law, the axion that the number of transistors on a chip doubles every five years, out the window. The physical difficulty of squeezing more CPUs, GPUs, and memory on tiny silicon die will still exist, but AI optimisation may help speed up chip performance.

 

Any chance that AI can help speed up current chip production is welcome news. Though the U.S. Senate recently passed a US$52bn bill to supercharge domestic semiconductor supply chains, its largest tech firms remain far behind. According to Holger Mueller, principal analyst at Constellation Research, “the faster and cheaper AI will win in business and government, including with the military”. 

 

All in all, AI chip optimisation could allow Google to pull ahead of its competitors such as AWS and Microsoft. And if we can speed up workflows, design better chips, and use humans to solve more complex, fluid, wicked problems, that’s a win—for the tech world and for society. 

 

 

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