May 17, 2020

Disney+ launches in Europe; coronavirus restricts bandwidth

Cloud
Mobile
Entertainment
William Smith
2 min
Disney’s streaming service Disney+ has launched in major European countries at a time of coronavirus-caused uncertainty
Disney’s streaming service Disney+ has launched in major European countries at a time of coronavirus-caused uncertainty.

Having launched in the US ba...

Disney’s streaming service Disney+ has launched in major European countries at a time of coronavirus-caused uncertainty.

Having launched in the US back in November, Disney+ is now being released in the UK, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Spain, Austria and Switzerland, with France coming later on 7 April.

Kevin Mayer, Chairman, Direct-To-Consumer & International, The Walt Disney Company, said in a press release: “We humbly hope that this service can bring some much-needed moments of respite for families during these difficult times.”

Disney+ does battle with the likes of Netflix and Apple’s AppleTV+, which first launched around the same time. Disney is leveraging its huge back catalogue of content as well as its stewardship of some of the world’s biggest franchises to entice people to sign up to the service.

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In line with recent requests from the European Union to free up bandwidth for critical activities such as remote working or schooling, the service is to launch with a 25% reduction in bandwidth utilisation.

It follows the likes of Facebook and Netflix, which said in a blog post that to achieve that target, “In Europe, for the next 30 days, within each category we’ve simply removed the highest bandwidth streams. If you are particularly tuned into video quality you may notice a very slight decrease in quality within each resolution. But you will still get the video quality you paid for.”

In a statement, Mayer said of the company’s own measures: “In anticipation of high consumer demand for Disney+, we are proactively instituting measures to lower our overall bandwidth utilisation by at least 25% in all of the markets launching Disney+ on March 24th. In the coming days, we will be monitoring Internet congestion and working closely with Internet service providers to further reduce bitrates as necessary to ensure they are not overwhelmed by consumer demand.”

(Image: Disney)

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Jun 8, 2021

Fastly's CDN Reportedly to Blame for Global Internet Outage

Technology
Fastly
servers
websites
Tilly Kenyon & Oliver James Fr...
3 min
Multiple outages have hit social media, government, and news websites across the globe

A huge outage has brought down a number of major websites around the world. Among those affected are gov.uk, Hulu, PayPal, Vimeo, and news outlets such as CNN, The Guardian, The New York Times, BBC, and Financial Times.

It is thought a glitch at Fastly ─ a popular CDN provider ─ is causing the worldwide issue. Fastly has confirmed it’s facing an outage on its status website but fails to specify a reason for the fault ─ only that the problem isn’t limited to a single data centre and, instead, is a “global CDN disruption” that is potentially affecting the company’s global network.

“We’re currently investigating potential impact to performance with our CDN services,” the firm said.

What is Fastly?

Fastly is a content delivery network (CDN) company that helps users view digital content more quickly. The company also provides security, video delivery, and so-called edge computing services. They use strategically distributed, highly performant POPs to help move data and applications closer to users and deliver up-to-date content quickly.

The firm has been proving increasingly popular among leading media websites. After going public on the New York Stock Exchange in 2019, shares rose exponentially in price, but after today’s outages, Fastly’s value has taken a sharp 5.21% fall and are currently trading at US$48.06. 

What are CDNs?

Content delivery networks (CDNs) are a web of small computers, or servers, that link together to collaborate as a single computer. CDNs improve the performance of internet-connected devices by placing these servers as close as possible to the people using those devices in different locations, creating hundreds of points of presence, otherwise known as POPs.

They help minimise delays in loading web page content by reducing the physical distance between the server and the user. This helps users around the world view the same high-quality content without slow loading times. 

Without a CDN, content origin servers must respond to every single end-user request. This results in significant traffic to the origin and subsequent load, thereby increasing the chances for origin failure if the traffic spikes are exceedingly high or if the load is persistent.

The Risk of CDNs

Over time, developers have attempted to protect users from the dangers of overreliance through the implementation of load balancing, DDoS (Denial of Service) protection, web application firewalls, and a myriad of other security features. 

Clearly, by the state of today’s major website outage, these measures aren’t enough. Evidently, CDNs present a risk factor that is widely underestimated ─ which needs to be rectified with haste. Content delivery networks have become a key part of the global infrastructure, and so it’s imperative that organisations start to figure out risk mitigation strategies to protect companies reliant on the interconnected service from further disruption and disarray. 

Over the coming days, both Technology Magazine and Data Centre Magazine will continue to provide updates on the current situation as developments are made.

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