China Takes Additional Step to Control Big Tech’s Data
China’s new Data Security Law will take effect on September 1st, allowing the government major control over the collection, use, and transmission of data. Tech companies have grown exponentially in terms of market size and overall power, and the Chinese government has no interest in alternative power hubs—especially those that belong to private enterprise.
With its Thursday legislation, companies will face extravagant fines if they export data outside of China without authorisation. The Chinese government claims that this will create a legal framework and help companies from taking advantage of citizens, but according to analyst Ryan Fedasiuk from Georgetown University’s Centre for Security and Emerging Technology, “China’s push for data privacy...is yet another move to strengthen the role of the government and the party vis-à-vis tech companies.”
How Do Other Countries Approach Data Privacy?
- Europe: The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights assures EU citizens the right to data protection. The bloc’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), passed in May of 2018, put stringent restrictions on commercial data collection.
- Canada: 28 federal, provincial, and territorial laws govern consumer data privacy; DLA Piper ranks the country’s data protection legislation as heavy, in comparison to Russia (medium) and India (limited).
- The United States: As usual, the States doesn’t have a single comprehensive federal law for data privacy. Instead, its lawmakers have passed hundreds of local and state acts, many of which are seen by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
China, in contrast, thinks data should be a national asset and has written data collection into its five-year plan. Although its new legislation will help curtail private access to consumer data, the government may be the final beneficiary.
What Will China Do With the Data?
According to advisors, consumer data can mitigate financial crises and viral outbreaks. It can protect the interest of national security—no surprise—and help the government with criminal surveillance. Right now, Chinese regulators have summoned 13 major tech firms, including Tencent, JD.com, Meituan, and ByteDance, to meet with China’s central bank. Communist Party Chief President Xi Jinping can shut down any companies found violating the new privacy laws, as well as hit them with a fine of up to 10 million yuan—US$1.6mn.
How Will Laws Affect Foreign Firms?
Now, foreign firms must store data on Chinese soil, a practice that many companies protest will infringe on their proprietary data. So far, Tesla will comply: in late May, the electric car manufacturer promised to build more Chinese factories and keep the resulting information within Chinese borders. In fact, businesses hoping to start China-based businesses—such as Citigroup and BlackRock—will have to comply with the “data-localisation laws”.
The Chinese government has framed data as a critical source of intelligence for the party and central government. “You have the most sufficient data, then you can make the most objective and accurate analyses”, Mr Xi told Tencent’s founder, Mr Ma. “The...suggestions to the government in this regard are very valuable”.
Greater digital control is coming, that’s for sure. Mr Xi has named big data as an essential part of China’s economy, right up there with land and labour. “Whoever controls data will have the initiative”.
IoT market expected to grow due to increase in IoT use cases
An increase in the internet of things use cases is expected to drive the IoT service market, according to the IoT Services Global Market Report 2021: COVID-10 Growth and Change to 2030.
IoT has found its use in many areas over the years. It can be used in manufacturing, farming, smart cities, transportation and in many other industries and fields.
Due to the fact it can be utilised in many industries, there is an increased need for IoT services and applications. IoT services that provide support by delivering services such as consulting, data management, network management and security services, are in much higher demand.
The impact of COVID-19 on the IoT services market
According to the report, the global IoT services market is expected to grow from $139.24 billion in 2020 to $162.39 billion in 2021 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.6%.
In the coming years, the IoT managed services market size is expected to reach $381.16 billion in 2025 at a CAGR of 24%.
This growth lends itself to companies resuming operations and adapting to the new normal as we emerge and recover from the pandemic.
Previously, COVID-19 restrictions led to restrictive containment measures, remote working and the closure of commercial activities that resulted in operational challenges.
IoT use cases driving growth
The IoT services market consists of the sales of IoT services and their related products. IoT services are delivered by the IoT services providers. These providers provide consulting, security and analytics services as per the requirements of the business.
Major players in the IoT services industry are Cisco Systems, Cognizant, Google, Infosys and Tieto Corporation, to name a few.
An increase in IoT use cases is expected to drive the IoT service market; this is where IoT can be used to automate processes and increase productivity. As it has found many uses cases over the years, this increases the demand for IoT services and this is expected to drive growth.
Enhancing deployment workloads with edge or cloud computing
Despite the expected growth, low enterprise adoption is expected to hinder the IoT services market. Although IoT has its use in many industries, due to factors such as low awareness, enterprise adoption is low, the report states.
Only 29% of enterprises have adopted IoT solutions according to the Omida data survey.
Edge or cloud computing however is enhancing the deployment workload on IoT devices, according to the report. This solution facilitates data processing and data storage in the cloud.
Microsoft released its Azure IoT Edge recently. This fully managed service is built on Azure IoT Hub. By moving certain workloads to the edge of the network, businesses that utilise Microsoft’s IoT platform spend less time communicating with the cloud, react more quickly to local changes and operate reliably in extended offline periods.
The IoT Services Global Market Report 2021: COVID-19 Growth and Change to 2030 is one of a series of new reports from The Business Research Company that provides an IoT services market overview