‘A couple of years’ to address semiconductor shortages
On Monday, Intel Corp’s CEO, Pat Gelsinger, said although the industry had taken steps to address near term constraints on the provision of the electrical components, it could still take a couple of years for the ecosystem to address shortages of foundry capacity, components and substrates.
The company announced a US$20bn plan in March to expand its advanced chip manufacturing capacity, building two factories in Arizona. Its plans could directly challenge the two other global companies that make the most advanced chips: the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd and South Korea’s Samsung Electronics Co Ltd.
The shortage of semiconductors has seen the closure of some auto production lines, affected industries like car production and it is now being felt in areas like consumer electronics.
The car industry has been affected by the global chip shortage more than any other sector, due to a number of factors. People stopped buying cars at the start of the pandemic so orders from manufacturers suddenly dropped. At the same time, tech firms were buying them left, right and centre, including phone and laptop manufacturers. When carmakers were ready to then gear up production, they then found themselves at the back of the queue.
The proliferation of the use of these chips in the world of IoT means there are more goods that have many more in them than in the past. Additionally, the continued growth of cloud computing and cryptocurrency mining means the demand for semiconductor chips is booming and supply chain problems also mean prices are rising.
The Chief Executive of German chipmaker Infineon has described the industry as being in uncharted territory from the knock-on effect of disruption to the supply chain. However, Gartner analyst Alan Priestly said he thought the situation may improve for some sectors in the next six months, although there may be a knock-on effect into 2022.
It hasn’t just been the effect of the pandemic, however. About 12% of the world’s semiconductor chips are made in the US, with a large proportion coming from Texas. In February the state was hit by one of the worst snowstorms in its history which resulted in widespread power cuts. And in Taiwan, a leader in production, recent droughts have interrupted the process because semiconductor manufacturing requires large volumes of ultrapure water to avoid the contamination of electronic devices.
Tech Corporations Fight for Alternative ESG Filings
In 2021, almost a third of global equity inflow went into ESG funds, according to the Bank of America. In April alone, ESG assets hit US$1.4tn, growing at 3x the rate of non-ESG funds. And although it seems like solar panel and electric car firms should take the cake for sustainable investment, it’s actually the world’s largest tech firms that command the market.
The Wall Street Journal reported that the most commonly held S&P 500 stocks in actively managed sustainable equity funds include Microsoft, Alphabet, and Apple. So it struck many as odd that in a June 11th letter to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Alphabet requested that ESG information not be disclosed in annual 10k filings.
Who Signed The Letter?
Only some of the most influential tech giants in the world...
To be fair, these companies aren’t against ESG and sustainable business. ‘Collectively, we purchase more than 21 gigawatts of clean energy and many of us are members of the UN Race to Zero and America is All In campaigns’, the joint letter to the SEC stated. ‘Each company has an individual goal to procure 100% renewable energy’.
Then Why Protest?
According to the tech companies, filing ESG information might open them up to legal risks. After all, sustainability reporting relies on estimates and assumptions that involve uncertainty—and governance issues such as fair labour are much harder to track than annual financial data. ‘It is important not to subject companies to undue liability’, the companies wrote.
Instead of reporting ESG data in their annual 10k filings, Alphabet et. al suggest that the SEC should allow for new climate-related reporting outside of the current annual or quarterly schedules. By adjusting the reporting frequency and timing, they argue, companies can provide a better and more accurate measure of how they’re doing with ESG.
Who Opposes Alternative ESG Reporting?
For the most part, asset managers aren’t thrilled. Pimco, Invesco, and other major asset funds want ESG information disclosed—the standard way. As of right now, the SEC still intends to make ESG 10k filings mandatory. ‘[Alphabet] positions itself as a sustainability leader’, said Josh Zinner, CEO of the Interfaith Centre on Corporate Responsibility. Added Molly Betounray, Director of Shareholder Advocacy at Clean Yield Asset Management: ‘While it’s great to see corporate ESG leaders advocating for climate disclosure standards, we disagree with their assertion that these disclosures should fall outside current standard SEC filings’.
What’s the Verdict?
Maybe Alphabet, Amazon, and Intel are honestly trying to frame ESG reporting in a new light. As Patrick Flynn, Vice President for Sustainability at Salesforce said: ‘[ESG disclosure] is a new process for companies to go through, and they’ll need to establish new procedures. Allowing for some sort of safe harbour from liability…[allows] companies to push in willingly and not just do the bare minimum’.
In their letter to the SEC, these companies chose to recommend several concrete actions:
- Use a principles-based framework, akin to the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)
- Base GHG emissions on global standards, such as the World Resources Institute GHG Protocol
- Leverage existing SEC frameworks to reduce the reporting burden
- Adjust the timing and frequency of ESG reporting
In short: before we mandate ESG reporting, the SEC should at least think twice about how to design it.