Nov 25, 2020

India announces ban on 43 chinese apps including AliExpress

William Smith
2 min
India is banning a further 43 Chinese mobile apps, building on previous bans of 177 others
India is banning a further 43 Chinese mobile apps, building on previous bans of 177 others...

India is banning a further 43 Chinese mobile apps, building on previous bans of 177 others.

In an announcement, India’s Ministry of Electronics & IT said: “This action was taken based on the inputs regarding these apps for engaging in activities which are prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of state and public order. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has issued the order for blocking the access of these apps by users in India based on the comprehensive reports received from Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Center, Ministry of Home Affairs.”

The Government of India initially banned 59 mobile apps from China on 29 June, and a further 118 on 2 September. Caught up in that wave were heavy hitters including PUBG Mobile, WeChat Work, Alipay - Alibaba’s payment app - and Taobao, a popular ecommerce platform. 

This further announcement has seen ecommerce giant AliExpress outlawed, alongside Lalamove and a number of other ecommerce applications in the full list. Data security has been one of the main issues cited, reflecting wider unease with Chinese technology that has led Huawei to be banned from 5G infrastructure in many countries.

In an earlier statement, the Indian Government said: “Information posted, permissions sought, functionality embedded as well as data harvesting practices of above stated Apps raise serious concerns that these Apps collect and share data in surreptitious manner and compromise personal data and information of users that can have a severe threat to security of the State.”

The announcement signals yet more cooling in relations between the two countries, spurred by border skirmishes in June that led to deaths. Both countries harbour technological ambitions, with a number of tech unicorns (tech startups worth over $1bn) on both sides - such as ecommerce giant Paytm and edtech firm BYJU’S on the Indian side and TikTok owner ByteDance on China’s.

Other casualties of the wave of bans have included TikTok, which has also been embroiled in a long-running legal imbroglio with the outgoing Trump administration. 

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Jun 8, 2021

Fastly's CDN Reportedly to Blame for Global Internet Outage

Tilly Kenyon & Oliver James Fr...
3 min
Multiple outages have hit social media, government, and news websites across the globe

A huge outage has brought down a number of major websites around the world. Among those affected are, Hulu, PayPal, Vimeo, and news outlets such as CNN, The Guardian, The New York Times, BBC, and Financial Times.

It is thought a glitch at Fastly ─ a popular CDN provider ─ is causing the worldwide issue. Fastly has confirmed it’s facing an outage on its status website but fails to specify a reason for the fault ─ only that the problem isn’t limited to a single data centre and, instead, is a “global CDN disruption” that is potentially affecting the company’s global network.

“We’re currently investigating potential impact to performance with our CDN services,” the firm said.

What is Fastly?

Fastly is a content delivery network (CDN) company that helps users view digital content more quickly. The company also provides security, video delivery, and so-called edge computing services. They use strategically distributed, highly performant POPs to help move data and applications closer to users and deliver up-to-date content quickly.

The firm has been proving increasingly popular among leading media websites. After going public on the New York Stock Exchange in 2019, shares rose exponentially in price, but after today’s outages, Fastly’s value has taken a sharp 5.21% fall and are currently trading at US$48.06. 

What are CDNs?

Content delivery networks (CDNs) are a web of small computers, or servers, that link together to collaborate as a single computer. CDNs improve the performance of internet-connected devices by placing these servers as close as possible to the people using those devices in different locations, creating hundreds of points of presence, otherwise known as POPs.

They help minimise delays in loading web page content by reducing the physical distance between the server and the user. This helps users around the world view the same high-quality content without slow loading times. 

Without a CDN, content origin servers must respond to every single end-user request. This results in significant traffic to the origin and subsequent load, thereby increasing the chances for origin failure if the traffic spikes are exceedingly high or if the load is persistent.

The Risk of CDNs

Over time, developers have attempted to protect users from the dangers of overreliance through the implementation of load balancing, DDoS (Denial of Service) protection, web application firewalls, and a myriad of other security features. 

Clearly, by the state of today’s major website outage, these measures aren’t enough. Evidently, CDNs present a risk factor that is widely underestimated ─ which needs to be rectified with haste. Content delivery networks have become a key part of the global infrastructure, and so it’s imperative that organisations start to figure out risk mitigation strategies to protect companies reliant on the interconnected service from further disruption and disarray. 

Over the coming days, both Technology Magazine and Data Centre Magazine will continue to provide updates on the current situation as developments are made.

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