GM, Ford, IBM, BMW and others to explore blockchain in transportation
Leading global automakers General Motors, Ford, BMW, Renault and ZF have partnered up, alongside leading technology companies Accenture, IBM and Bosch, amongst others, to begin testing how blockchain can be used to improve transportation and mobility.
The initiative, named the Mobility Open Blockchain Initiative (MOBI) will look to implement blockchain technology in a range of use cases across the automotive industry, including autonomous driving, supply chain and vehicle identity tracking, vehicle payments and ride sharing solutions.
“Blockchain and related trust enhancing technologies are poised to redefine the automotive industry and how consumers purchase, insure and use vehicles,” said Chris Ballinger, former Chief Financial Officer and Director of Mobility Services at Toyota, who has been appointed as Chairman and CEO of MOBI.
“By bringing together automakers, suppliers, startups, and government agencies, we can accelerate adoption for the benefit of businesses, consumers and communities.”
MOBI will take an open source approach in the aim accelerating the development and deployment of blockchain-powered solutions that will enhance innovation within the sector.
Alongside Ballinger, MOBI’s board members include Joseph Lubin, Co-Founder of Ethereum, Dan Harple, CEO of Context labs.
“We believe blockchain will transform the way people and businesses interact, creating new opportunities in mobility,” said Rich Strader, Vice President of Mobility Product Solutions, Ford. “We look forward to working together with our industry colleagues as part of MOBI to set the standards for the mobility ecosystem of tomorrow.”
China Takes Additional Step to Control Big Tech’s Data
China’s new Data Security Law will take effect on September 1st, allowing the government major control over the collection, use, and transmission of data. Tech companies have grown exponentially in terms of market size and overall power, and the Chinese government has no interest in alternative power hubs—especially those that belong to private enterprise.
With its Thursday legislation, companies will face extravagant fines if they export data outside of China without authorisation. The Chinese government claims that this will create a legal framework and help companies from taking advantage of citizens, but according to analyst Ryan Fedasiuk from Georgetown University’s Centre for Security and Emerging Technology, “China’s push for data privacy...is yet another move to strengthen the role of the government and the party vis-à-vis tech companies.”
How Do Other Countries Approach Data Privacy?
- Europe: The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights assures EU citizens the right to data protection. The bloc’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), passed in May of 2018, put stringent restrictions on commercial data collection.
- Canada: 28 federal, provincial, and territorial laws govern consumer data privacy; DLA Piper ranks the country’s data protection legislation as heavy, in comparison to Russia (medium) and India (limited).
- The United States: As usual, the States doesn’t have a single comprehensive federal law for data privacy. Instead, its lawmakers have passed hundreds of local and state acts, many of which are seen by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
China, in contrast, thinks data should be a national asset and has written data collection into its five-year plan. Although its new legislation will help curtail private access to consumer data, the government may be the final beneficiary.
What Will China Do With the Data?
According to advisors, consumer data can mitigate financial crises and viral outbreaks. It can protect the interest of national security—no surprise—and help the government with criminal surveillance. Right now, Chinese regulators have summoned 13 major tech firms, including Tencent, JD.com, Meituan, and ByteDance, to meet with China’s central bank. Communist Party Chief President Xi Jinping can shut down any companies found violating the new privacy laws, as well as hit them with a fine of up to 10 million yuan—US$1.6mn.
How Will Laws Affect Foreign Firms?
Now, foreign firms must store data on Chinese soil, a practice that many companies protest will infringe on their proprietary data. So far, Tesla will comply: in late May, the electric car manufacturer promised to build more Chinese factories and keep the resulting information within Chinese borders. In fact, businesses hoping to start China-based businesses—such as Citigroup and BlackRock—will have to comply with the “data-localisation laws”.
The Chinese government has framed data as a critical source of intelligence for the party and central government. “You have the most sufficient data, then you can make the most objective and accurate analyses”, Mr Xi told Tencent’s founder, Mr Ma. “The...suggestions to the government in this regard are very valuable”.
Greater digital control is coming, that’s for sure. Mr Xi has named big data as an essential part of China’s economy, right up there with land and labour. “Whoever controls data will have the initiative”.